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December 1, 2014 Comments are off

HUZUR TAJUSH SHARIAH

Tajush Shariah Mufti Muhammed Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari al-Qadri, son of Hadrat Maulana Ibrahim Raza Khan (Radi Allahu anhu), son of Hujjatul Islam, Hadrat Maulana Haamid Raza Khan (Radi Allahu anhu), son of Imam-e-Ahle Sunnah, Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (Radi Allahu anhu) was born on the 25th of Safar 1942, in the District of Saudagraan, Bareilly, India.

Early Education

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His mother, who is the blessed and pious daughter of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Radi Allahu anhu), showed great concern for his study. Hadrat Akhtar Raza Khan gained his basic Islamic education within his home and he completed the basic recitation and study of Holy Quran under the guidance of his respected mother and father.

Having completed his basic studies at home, Hadrat Maulana Ibrahim Raza Khan (radi Allahu anhu) enrolled him in Darul Uloom Manzare Islam in Bareilly. Here, under the guidance of renowned teachers, he studied many books, commencing with the basics such as, Mizaan,Munshaib, Nohmeer and proceeding to much more advanced books such as Hidaya Akhirain, etc.

Education at the Al Azhar University

In 1963, at the age 21, he was sent to Cairo, Egypt to study at the World famous Al Azhar University. He studied Tafseer of the Holy Quran and Ahadith for 3 years at this University.

He achieved the distinction of being one of the best foreign students to have studied at Al Azhar University. Upon graduating from the Al Azhar University, Hadrat Allama Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari was awarded the Jamia Azhar Award by Colonel Jamaal Abdul Nassir. He was also presented with a Certificate of Merit in the field of Ahadith.

Blessed With Khilafah

When he reached the age of 20, he was blessed with Khilafah by Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Radi Allahu anhu). He also received Khilafah fromHadrat Maulana Hassan Mia Barakaati (r). He also received Khilafah from Maulana Sayyid Aala Mustapha and Maulana Burhanul Haq Razvi.Even while he was still a student, Hadrat Maulana Ibrahim Raza (radi Allahu anhu), issued a statement in which he made his son, Hadrat Allama Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari, as his spiritual Successor.

Marriage

Taajush Shariah married the daughter of Maulana Hasnain Raza Khan on Tuesday, the 3rd of November 1968, in Bareilly. He was blessed with a son and five daughters.

Distinguished Teachers

He received his education under the supervision of many distinguished teachers that include the following.

1. His maternal grandfather, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Maulana Mustapha Raa Khan Noori Barakaati (radi Allahu anhu).

2. Bahrul-Uloom, Maulana Sayed Afzal Hoosen Razvi.

3. His father, Sheikh-e-Tafseer, Hadrat Maulana Ibrahim Raza Khan (Jilani Mia) (radi Allahu anhu).

4. Hadrat Maulana Allama Muhammad Simahi, Sheik-ul-Hadith and Tafseer, Al Azhar University.

5. Hadrat Maulana Mahmood Abdul Ghaffar of Al Azhar University.

6. His eldest brother, Hadrat Maulana Rehaan Raza Khan

7. Ustaaz-ul-Ulama, Mufti Muhammad Ahmad Jahangeer Khan Razvi

As A Teacher

In 1967, at the age of 25, he was appointed as Lecturer at Darul Uloom Manzare Islam. In 1968, he became Principal of this school. He was also appointed as the Head Mufti of the Institute. The service continued for the next 12 years.

In 1988, he taught Sahih Bukhaari Shareef at Jamia Amjadia, Karachi. Later in that year, he also taught Shaya Waqqaya (a famous book on Islamic Jurisprudence) to students at the Al Jamiatul Qadria.

Hadrat Maulana Mufti Mohammed Akhtar Raza Khan also has an excellent command of the English language.

The Issuing Of Fatawa (Legal Islamic Rulings)

This service to humanity has always been a feature of the family of Ala Hadrat. If we examine the detail, we will gain an insight as to the lengthy period in which this service was upheld by this August Family.

1. 1831 – 1865 – Hadrat Maulana Raza Ali Khan (Radi Allahu anhu).

2. 1869 – 1921 – Ala Hadrat, Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (Radi Allahu anhu)

3. 1895 – 1942 – Hadrat Maulana Haamid Raza Khan (Radi Allahu anhu).

4. 1910 – 1981 – Maulana Mustapha Raza Khan (Radi Allahu anhu).

One can see by the above that this service has been offered to the world community for the past 163 years. Continuing in this vein, Tajush Sharia continues to answer questions pertaining to various issues relating to Islam and the world. He has continued this since when he was only 17 years old and under the spiritual guidance of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (radi Allahu anhu) and Maulana Muhammad Afzal Hussain Razvi. Due to the tremendous work load and inquiries received from all parts of the world, many other Islamic scholars work under the direct supervision of Taajush Shariah to fulfill this great need. For the past 30 years, he has continued this task and his Islamic verdicts are recognized and accepted throughout the world. The Islamic verdicts issued by Taajush Shariah to date stands at nearly 5 000.

Pilgrimage To Mecca

In September 1983, he performed his first Hajj and in 1986, he performed his second Hajj. He is also been blessed with performing many Umrah.

Arrested by The Saudi Government

On the 13th of September 1986, a massive protest occurred against the Saudi regime in Bombay. The reason for this was that thousands of Muslims were informed that Mufti Akhtar Raza Khan has been imprisoned in Saudi Arabia.

This protest was held under the leadership of Sheikh-ul-Hadith, Hadrat Allama Zia-ul-Mustapha Al Qaderi Amjadi. Nearly 50 000 people took part in this procession which included many Imams, Ulama and renowned Islamic leaders. The protesters displayed great anger and showered much scorn on the Saudi Government. As a result of this protest and others which took place, he was finally released by the Saudi mischief makers.

Upon arrival in India, he gave a personal account of what had happened to him in Saudi Arabia and spoke about how he was deprived of visiting Medina Shareef. His personal account is as follows.

QUOTE – On the evening of the 31st of August 1986, at approximately 3 0′clock, a C.I.D. accompanied by uniformed police officers arrived at my hotel room and without warning searched for my passport. They then demanded to search my luggage. I requested my wife who was in Purdah to go into the bathroom. A revolver was then pointed at me and I was asked not to move. They began searching my luggage. I had in possession at that moment, a few books presented to me by Maulana Sayed Alawi Maliki and a few books of Ala Hadrat. I also had a copy of the Dalaa’ilul Khairaat Shareef. They confiscated these books and demanded a diary which I did not possess. They then confiscated our passports and tickets.

The same night I was questioned on various issues. The first question pertained to where I had performed the Jummah Salaah. I replied that I was a traveler and that Jummah Salaah was not Fardh upon me, I therefore had performed Zohr in my house.

They asked me if I had ever read Salaah in the Haram Shareef. I replied that since I was staying a distance from the Haram, I only went there to perform the Tawaaf.

They then questioned me on the books of Maulana Sayed Alawi Maliki and as to how I had received them. I told them that the great Scholar had presented them to me a few days ago when I went to visit him.

After looking through a few books of Ala Hadrat, which pertained to the reading of Naath and various laws of Hajj, they questioned me about my relationship to Ala Hadrat. I told them that he was my paternal grandfather.

At the end of this session in which the entire night had passed, they then placed me in a cell at the time of Fajr Salaah.

The same day at about 10 0′clock, I was again questioned by the C.I.D. about the various sects found in India. I explained that among the various sects were the Shi’a and the Qadianis. I also pointed out to him that Ala Hadrat had opposed the Qadiani sect and various other corrupt sects and in opposing them he had written many books.

I then revealed to him that there is a trend to call us Bareilwis. By this, one conceives a notion that the Bareilwis are a new sect. I revealed that this was not so and that in reality we were really the true Ahle Sunnah Wa Jamaah. I explained that Ala Hadrat did not lay the foundation of a new sect. His teachings were based on the religion of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAWS), the Sahaba, the Tabi’een and the pious people of the past and that we preferred being called the Ahle Sunnah Wa Jamaah.

I then explained to him the difference between the Sunni and the heretic Wahabi. I explained that the Wahabi disbelieves that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) possesses Knowledge of the Unseen (as given to him by the Almighty), they do not believe that he will intercede for the creation and they consider it Shirk to ask the Holy Prophet (SAWS) or any Awliya Allah for assistance.

I then explained that we Sunnis believe that the Prophet (SAWS) will intercede and that it is permissible to call to him and to believe in him as a Mediator. We believe that he hears our speech by Allah’s Grace and he certainly possesses the Knowledge of the Unseen by the Grace of the Almighty.

I then proceeded to present many Quranic proofs and various authentic sources substantiating the beliefs of the Ahle Sunnah Wa Jamaah.

On the second day, he presented a typed report of a statement which read, ‘ I Akhtar Raza, the son of Ibrahim Raza is a follower of the Bareilly religion.’ I furiously objected to this and again reminded him that Bareilly is not a religion and if there was such a new religion then I was certainly not part and parcel of it.

Further on, he had written: I am a follower of Imam Ahmed Raza. Our belief is that we accept the Prophet (SAWS) mediation, help, and we further believe that to call for his assistance is permissible. We believe that the Prophet possesses the Knowledge of the Unseen even though the Wahabis refers to such acts as Shirk. It is for this reason that I do not perform Salaah behind them.

Thereafter, in various different methods, I was asked basically the same question. I was questioned about the journey to London and asked whether I had attended any conference there. I mentioned that a conference is held on the command of the Government and on the height of politics. I told him that we are neither politicians, nor do we have contact with any Government. The main theme of the conference was the unity of the Muslims and the issue of Muslim Personal Law. The entire cost of this Conference was borne by the Sunni Muslims of London. I mentioned that a request was presented at the Conference whereby it would be possible for a Sunni to be nominated in the Muslim World as the Nadwis are given unfair advantage. I further mentioned that this resolution was unanimously accepted and the law passed.

At that moment, one of the senior CID Officer approached me and uttered, ‘I must admit that I respect you for your age and knowledge, and perhaps in better circumstances I would have requested you to make Dua for me.’ When I questioned him about the reason I was arrested, he did not reply adequately but merely mentioned that, it was he who had requested the police to remove my handcuffs.

They deliberately delayed my release without prosecuting me, and in the process deprived me from visiting Madinah Shareef. After 11 days. I was transported to Jeddah in handcuffs till until we reached the airport. They did not even allow me to perform the Zohr Salaah on the journey and I had to make this Salaah Qazah. UNQUOTE

Saudi Government Issues Special Visa

We have seen that the illegitimate Saudi Government had arrested Hadrat without any reasons. He was imprisoned for 11 days and the punishment was that he was not even allowed to visit Madinah Shareef.

It is due to this tyrannical behavior that thousands of Sunni Muslims throughout the world felt enraged and hurt. It gave birth to many protest marches and numerous news agencies had a field day reporting the incident.

At the end of this sacrifice, King Fahad had to grudgingly make the following statement:

“MUSLIMS FROM ALL WALKS OF LIFE WILL BE ALLOWED TO MAKE IBAADAH ON THEIR WAY IN SAUDI ARABIA”

This demonstration continued and the World Islamic Mission representatives in London severely replied to King Fahad and his brother, Turki ibn Abdul Aziz, concerning the controversial Wahabi beliefs. Hadrat Allama Arshadul Qadri also presented a memorandum in Arabic to the Ambassador of Saudi Arabia.

With the result, that on the 21st of May 1987, Hadrat received a call from the Saudi Embassy in Delhi with the following message.

“The Government of Saudi Arabia has decided to present you with a special Visa so that you may perform the Umrah and may visit Medina Shareef. This special visa is valid for one month.”

On the 27th of May 1987, when Taajush Shariah arrived to perform these duties, he was met by a Saudi Ambassador was shown great courtesy and respect. After 16 days he returned to India and was warmly welcomed by a huge crowd both the Delhi and Bombay stations.

Taajush Shariah possesses thousands of Mureeds in many countries. He first arrived in South Africa in the year 1990 (invited by Maulana Abdul Hadi Al-Qaadiri Radawi, President of the Imam Ahmed Raza Academy) and has been coming here each here ever since on the invitation of his Mureeds.

Islamic Institutes Under His Supervision

Many foreign institutes, besides those in India, are working under the guidance of Hadrat. A few are listed below:

1. Markazi Darul Ifta, Bareilly

2. Mahnama Sunni Duniya, Bareilly

3. Akhtar Raza Library – Lahore (Pakistan)

4. Markazi Darul Ifta, Holland

5. Jamia Madinatul Islam, Holland

6. Al Jamiatul Islamia, Rampur

7. Al Jamiatul Nooria, Bahraich

8. Al Jamiatul Razvia, Bihar

9. Madressa Arabia Ghausia Razvia, Burhanpur

10. Madressa Ghausia Jashn Raza, Gujraat

11. Madressa Ahle Sunnat Gulshan Raza, Bihar

12. Darul Uloom Quraishiya Razvia, Asaam

13. Madressa Raza Darul Uloom, Mumbai

14. Madressa Tanzeemul Muslimeen, Bihar

15. The Imam Ahmed Raza Academy, South Africa

16. Muhibbane Raa-e-Mustapha, South Africa

He is also the President of (i) All India Jamiatul Ulema, (ii) President of the Shariah Board, (iii) President of the U.P. Muslim Personal Law Council

Literary Contributions

Due to his travel and vast number of programmes with in India and other countries, he has very little time for writing. Fatawa are put aside for his attention and they are mostly answered while he is on a journey.

The following is a list of books, he has written and compiled or edited:

1. Al Haqqul Mubeen ? Part 1

2. Difa Kanzul Imaan ? Part 1

3. T.V. Aur Video Ka Operation

4. Miratun Najdia Bi Jawaabil Bareilwiyah ? Part 1

5. Tasweero Ka Shar?I Hukm

6. Sharah Hadith-e-Niyah

7. Hadrat Ibrahim Ke Waalid Tariq Ya Aazar

8. Difa Kanzul Imaan (Booklet)

9. Ekh Aham Fatawa

10. Taqdimu Tajjali Aslam

11. Miratun Najdia Bi Jawabil Bareilwiyah ? Part ? 2

12. Hashia Sharah Qasidah Burdah

13. Al Haqqul Mubeen ? Part 2

14. Difa Kanzul Imaan ? Part 2

15. Kya Deen Ki Mahm Poori Ho Chuki

16. Jashne Eid-e-Meelad ?Un-Nabi

His composition of Naath Shareef is found in a book entitled ‘Safina Bakhshish’, which he written in three different languages. (This book is available in Durban). The first of these were written while he was only 19 years old.

Almighty Allah has blessed him with exceptionally good qualities. His actions display his immense love for the Sunnah of the Beloved Prophet (SAWS). One needs to be in his company to witness this.

He shows great respect for the Ulama and always gives them preference over others. He respects the Sayeds, (Family of the Holy Prophet – SAWS) in a manner as a slave respects his King. He always makes Sayeds sit close to him, even if they are Ulama present. If a Sayed sat on the floor and he became aware of it, he would immediately sit on the floor very afraid of showing disrespect.

His entire life has been spent making Jihad against the enemies of Islam such as the Deobandis, Wahabis, Maududis, Ibn Taimiyya, Qadianism, or Najdism. He has always propagated the truth found in the Ahle Sunnah Wa Jamaah. And with his advice, he has helped protect the Imaan of not only the Muslims of India, but of Muslims throughout the world.

He has confronted the enemies of Islam throughout his writings and his actions. He has done everything in his capacity to challenge the enemies of Islam. He has always paid special concern to those Sunnis who he felt were being misled and always made it his duty to show them the true path of the Ahle Sunnah Wa Jamaah.

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December 1, 2014 Comments are off

Huzoor Mufti-E-Aazam Hind

Ghausul Waqt, Huzoor Mufti-E-Aazam Hind, Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri Barkati Noori (ALAIHIR RAHMAH)

BIRTH

Ghausul Waqt, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) was born on Monday, 22nd of Zil Hijjah 1310 AH (18 July 1892) in Bareilly Shareef, India. It was in this very city that his illustrious father, the Mujaddid (Reviver) of Islam, Imam-e-Ahle Sunnat, A’la Hazrat, Ash Shah Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Qadri (Alaihir Rahmah) was born (1856 – 1921). At the time of the birth of Ghausul Waqt, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, his distinguished father, was in Marehrah Shareef, one of the great spiritual centres of the Sunni World. On that very night, Sayyiduna A’la Hazrat (Alaihir Rahmah) dreamt that he had been blessed with a son and in his dream he named his son “Aale Rahmaan”. Hazrat Makhdoom Shah Abul Hussain Ahmadi Noori (Alaihir Rahmah), one of the great personalities of Mahrerah Shareef, named the child “Abul Barkaat Muhiy’yuddeen Jilani”. Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind was later named “Mustapha Raza Khan”. His Aqiqa was done on the name of “Muhammad”, which was the tradition of the family.

Majar-E-Mubarak-Huzoor-Mufti-E-Aazam

GLAD TIDINGS OF PEER-O-MURSHID

Upon the birth of Ghausul Waqt, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) Hadrat Shah Abul Hussain Ahmadi Noori (Alaihir Rahmah) told A’la Hazrat, “Mawlana! When I come to Bareilly Shareef, then I will definitely see this child. He is a very blessed child.”As promised, when Hadrat Abul Hussain Ahmadi Noori (Alaihir Rahmah) went to Bareilly Shareef, he immediately summoned to see Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) who was only six (6) months old. Sayyiduna Noori Mia (Alaihir Rahmah), as he was also famously known, congratulated A’la Hazrat (Alaihir Rahmah) and said, “This child will be of great assistance to the Deen and through him the servants of Almighty Allah will gain great benefit. This child is a Wali. From his blessed sight thousands of stray Muslims will become firm on the Deen. He is a sea of blessings.”On saying this, Hadrat Noori Mia placed his blessed finger into the mouth of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind and made him a Mureed. He also blessed him with I’jaazat and Khilafat at the same time. (Mufti Azam Hind Number, pg. 341). Not only did he receive Khilafat in the Qaderi Silsila (Order), but also in the Chishti, Naqshabandi, Suharwardi, and Madaari Orders. Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) also received Khilafat from his blessed father, A’la Hazrat, Ash Shah Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al Qaderi (Alaihir Rahmah).

EARLY EDUCATION

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind attained most of his early education from his illustrious family – from his father, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Qadri (Alaihir Rahmah), the Mujaddid of Islam, whose status and position even at that time cannot be explained in these few lines. He also studied Kitaabs under the guidance of Hazrat Mawlana Haamid Raza Khan (his elder brother), Mawlana Shah Rahm Ilahi Maglori and Mawlana Sayed Basheer Ahmad Aligarhi and Mawlana Zahurul Hussain Rampuri (Alaihimur Rahmah). He studied various branches of knowledge under the guidance of his most learned and blessed father, A’la Hazrat (Alaihir Rahmah).    He gained proficiency in the many branches of Islamic knowledge from among which are: Tafseer; Hadith; Fiqh; Laws of Jurisprudence; Sarf; Nahw; Tajweed; Conduct of Language; Philosophy; Logistics; Mathematics; History etc.; Arithmetic; Aqaid; Tasawwuf; Poetry; Debating; Sciences; etc.

HIS FIRST FATAWA

Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan’s brilliance as an Islamic Scholar manifested itself when he was a still a youth, but overflowing with knowledge and wisdom. He wrote his first historical Fatawa (Islamic Ruling) when he was only 13 years old. It dealt with the topic of “Raza’at” – affinity between persons breast fed by the same woman. The following has been recorded with regards to this ocassion.                                                                                          Hazrat Mawlana Zafrud’deen and Hazrat Mawlana Sayed Abdur Rasheed (Alaihimur Rahmah) were at the Darul Ifta (Fatawa Department) at this stage. One day, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind walked into the Darul Ifta and noticed that Hazrat Mawlana Zafrud’deen was writing a certain Fatawa. He was taking “Fatawa Razvia” from the shelf as his reference. On seeing this, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) said, “Are you relying on Fatawa Razvia to write an answer?” Mawlana Zafrud’deen replied, “Alright then, why don’t you write the answer without looking.” Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind then wrote a powerful answer without any problem. This was the Fatawa concerning “Raza’at” – the very first Fatawa which he had written.                                                                                                            The answer was then sent to his father, Sayyiduna A’la Hazrat for correction and verification. On seeing the authenticity of the Fatawa, Sayyiduna A’la Hazrat (Alaihir Rahmah) became delighted and immediately certified the Fatawa                                      Sayyiduna A’la Hazrat then signed the Fatawa. He also commanded Hafiz Yaqeenudeen to make a stamp for Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind as a gift and said that it should read as follows: “Abul Barkaat Muhiy’yuddeen Jilani Aale Rahmaan urf Mustapha Raza Khan.”

This incident took place in 1328 AH. After this incident Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) spent another 12 years writing Fatawas at the feet of Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah). He was given this immense responsibility of issuing Fatawas even while A’la Hazrat  was in this physical world. He continued this trend until his last breath. The stamp which was given to him was mislaid during his second Hajj when his bags were lost.

MARRIAGE

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind married the blessed daughter of his paternal uncle, Hazrat Muhammad Raza Khan. He had 6 daughters and one son, Hazrat Anwaar Raza (Alaihir Rahmah), who passed away during childhood.

VISIT TO HARAMAIN SHARIFAIN

Hadrat Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) went twice for Hajj – in 1905 and 1945. He performed his third Hajj in 1971.      Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) was the first person to go for Hajj without a photograph in his passport. He refused to take a photograph. Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind was allowed to go for Hajj without a photograph in his passport and without taking any vaccinations.                                                                       During his trip to Makkatul Mukarramah, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, also had the opportunity of meeting those Ulema whom his father, A’la Hazrat (Alaihir Rahmah), met during his visit to Haramain Sharifain. These great Ulema were from amongst the students of Sayed Yahya Almaan. A few of the Ulema that he met were Allama Sayed Ameen Qutbi; Allama Sayed Abbas Alawi and Allama Sayed Noor Muhammad (Alaihir Rahmahm) – to mention just a few. They narrated many incidents which had taken place during Imam Ahmed Raza’s visit to Haramain Sharifain. They then requested Khilafat from Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind which he bestowed upon them.

WISAAL

Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) was aware of the actual time of his Wisaal On the 6th of Muharram (1981) he said, “All those who intended to become my Mureed but for some reason or the other could not come to me, I have made all of them Mureed and I have given their hands into the hand of Sayidduna Ghausul Azam (Alaihir Rahmah).”  On the 12th of Muharram (1981) Hazrat said, “All those who asked me to make Dua for them, I have made Dua for their Jaiz (permissable) intentions to be fulfilled. May Allah accept this Dua.” On this day he asked those that were present concerning date. They told him that it was the 12th of Muharram. On hearing this he became silent.                                                                                   On the 13th of Muharram, he again asked concerning the date and the Mureedeen present said that it was Wednesday, the 13th of Muharram. On hearing this Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) said, “Namaaz will be held at Nau Mahla Musjid”.  Those present did not understand what he meant, but remained silent out of respect. After some time again Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) said, “Did anybody tell you about the Namaaz. I will read Jumuah Namaaz in Nau Mahla Masjid.”  After some time Hazrat said, “Did anybody say anything about the Fatiha.” Those present just gazed at each others faces and remained silent. Only later did they realise what Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind was implying. Hazrat was spiritally present for Jumuah at the Nau Mahla Masjid! Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) was not only giving hope to the Mureedeen but also informing them of his Wisaal.                         The shining star of A’la Hazrat, Ash Shah Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), the glitter and the hope for the hearts of millions throughout the world, the Mujaddid of the 15th Century, the Imam of his time, Huzoor Sayyidi Sarkaar Mufti-e- Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) left the Aalame Duniya to Journey towards the Aalame Aakhira. It was 1.40 p.m. on the eve of the 14th of Muharram 1402 AH (1981).

GHUSL

On Friday, the 15th of Muharram, at 8. 00 a.m. the Ghusl of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) took place. His nephew, Hazrat Mawlana Rehan Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) performed the Wudhu. Taajush Shariah Hazrat Allama Mufti Mohammed Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari performed the Ghusl. Sultan Ashraf Sahib used the jug to pour water. The following persons were present during the Ghusl : Hazrat Mawlana Rehan Raza Khan, Hazrat Allama Mufti Mohammed Akhtar Raza Khan, Sayed Mustaaq Ali, Mawlana Sayed Muhammad Husain, Sayed Chaif Sahib, Mawlana Naeemullah Khan Sahib Qibla, Mawlana Abdul Hamid Palmer Razvi, Muhammad Esa of Mauritius, Ali Husain Sahib, Hajji Abdul Ghaffar, Qari Amaanat Rasool Sahib and a few other Mureeds and family members.

Taajush Shari’ah and Hazrat Mawlana Rehan Raza Khan have stated that at the time of the Ghusul Shareef of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) the Chaadar mistakenly moved a little. Immediately, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) held the Chaadar between his two fingers and covered the area that the Chaadar exposed. Those present thought that the Chaadar had just got caught between Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah’s) fingers. They tried to remove the Chaadar from between his fingers but it would not move. The first person to notice this Karaamat was Taajush Shari’ah Allama Mohammed Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari. He showed this to everyone. Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind‘s (Alaihir Rahmah) fingers did not move until the area was properly covered.

JANAZA SALAAH

Two and a half million (2,500,000) Muslims attended his Janazah Salaah. Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) is buried on the left-hand-side of Sayyiduna A’la Hazrat (Alaihir Rahmah). Those who lowered Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) in his Qabr Shareef have stated that they were continously wiping out perspiration from the forehead of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) right up to the last minute.

PERSONALITY AND CHARACTER

Wealth, presidency, ministership, worldly satisfaction and happiness can be given to a person by anyone, but such people do not have the spiritual insight to give tranquillity to a disturbed heart and they cannot put a smile onto the face of a depressed person. But Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) gave both the treasures of the physical world and the spiritual worlds to those in need. To be his servant was not less than kingship. Every day hundreds and thousands of people in need of spiritual, physical and academic needs would come to him and each one of them returned with complete satisfaction.                              Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) is that light of such an illustrious family whose radiance reflected itself in his character and manners that he displayed – such qualities that very few would be able to reach perfection. His character was the true embodiment of the Sunnah of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). He shone like a star in the darkness of the night.                                                                                                                   Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) possessed great heights of good character, moral standards, kindness, sincerity, love and humbleness. He never refused the invitation of any poor Muslim. He always stayed away from those who were very wealthy and lavish. He was the possessor of great moral and ethical values.

It is stated that once Akbar Ali Khan, a Governor of U.P., came to visit Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah). Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind did not meet him but left to a place called Puraana Shahar (Old City) to visit a poor Sunni Muslim who was very ill and at the doorstep of death.

In another ocassion, Fakhruddeen Ali Ahmad, the President of a Political Party, came to visit Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) but was refused this opportunity. Many other proud ministers had also come to meet Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind but met with the same fate. This was due to his extreme dislike for politics and involvement in worldly affairs.

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) never fell short in entertaining those who came to visit him. When he was physically fit he used go into the Visitors Section and ask each person whether they had eaten or not. He used to ask them if they partook in tea or not. He used to continuously enquire as to whether they were experiencing any difficulties or not. It was often seen that he would personally carry the dishes into the house for the visitors! He was definitely blessed with the characters of the “Salfe Saliheen” or The Pious Servants of Allah.

Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) was a pillar of hospitality and humbleness. If he reprimanded a certain person for doing something un-Islamic or if he became displeased with anyone for some reason or the other, he used to also explain to the person in a very nice way and also try to cheer that person. He would then make Dua in abundance for such a person. His Mureeds (Disciples), on many ocassions, used to recite Manqabats (Poetry) in his praise. On hearing such Manqabats he would say, “I am not worthy of such praise. May Allah make me worthy.”

Many people came to him for his blessings. Others would come for Ta’weez. He never refused anyone. It is also not known how many homes were being supported through the kindness and hospitality of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind. He always entertained those who came from far and near to the best of his means. He used to even give most of his visitors train and bus fares to travel. In winter, he would give warm clothes, warm sheets and blankets to the poor and the needy.

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind gave Khilafat to many Ulema-e-Ikraam and personally tied the Amaama (Turban) on their heads. He gave cloaks, turbans and hats to many people. Once, during winter, a few of the Khaadims were present with Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah). He was lying on his bed and covered with a shawl. A certain Mawlana Abu Sufyaan touched Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind‘s  shawl and commented as to how beautiful it was. Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) immediately removed the shawl and presented it to him. Although the Mawlana refused to accept it Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind gave it to him forcefully.

All of his Mehfils were full of knowledge and Barkah. Many questions on Tassawuf were easily answered by him. It seemed as if the rains of mercy and rays of Noor were spread all over his Mehfils.A FEW OF HIS UNIQUE HABITS

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) always wanted to see a Muslim’s inner and outer personality. He always advised them to mould their lives according to the principles and the commands of Islam. He always showed discomfort to those who did not have beards, those who wore hats and to those who wore ultra-western clothes. He used to warn such Muslims. Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) used to show his displeasure towards those who wore ties. He used to tug at their ties and commanded them to abstain from wearing a tie. He also asked them to make Tauba from such acts.

Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) always commanded Muslims to give or take anything with their right hand. He stopped the Muslims from calling the governments as their “Sarkaar” or leaders. He never kept any ordinary Kitaab on the books of Tafseer or Hadith. Whenever he sat in a Meelad-un-Nabi (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) or Mehfil-e-Zikr, he always sat with utmost respect until the very end.

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind never spat towards the Qibla. He never stretched his legs in the direction of the Qibla. Whenever he entered the cemetery, he never used his entire feet to walk on the ground. He always walked on his toes. At times, he would stand on his toes for about half an hour in the graveyard making Du’a-e-Maghfirat!

He always stopped Muslims from doing any false fortune telling. If any death or loss took place in the house of a Muslim, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) would go to comfort the people of that house but he would never eat there. He always advised those in sorrow to make Sabr and remember Almighty Allah. He always respected Ulema-e-Ikraam. He respected the Sayeds in such a manner as a slave will respect his King. He prohibited Muslims from keeping un-Islamic names. He preferred such names as Abdullah, Abdur Rahmaan, Muhammad and Ahmad.

IBAADAT AND RIYAAZAT

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind always performed his Salaah in Jamaah whether he was on journey or not. The moment he put his foot out of his house to go towards the Masjid, he used to be surrounded by his Mureeds (disciples) and well-wishers who would follow him till the Masjid door which was just a few feet away from his house. While some would be kissing his blessed hands, others tried to talk with him. He would reply to all those who made Salaam to him. On entering the Masjid, he would immediately recite the dua prescribed.

Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) would then remove his Amaama and then sit down to perform Wudhu. He would wash all the parts thoroughly so that the Sunnahs were accomplished. He would perform his Salaah with great sincerity and used to be lost in the worship of his Creator. The person who looked at him from a distance would have instantly understood that Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) had left all the worldly desires and was intent upon pleasing his Creator.

Once, while Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) was travelling from Nagpur, it was time for Maghrib Salaah. He immediately disembarked from the train. The people told  Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind that the train was about to leave, but he was intent on performing his Salaah. His companions also disembarked with him. They had just performed their Wudhu and were making Niyyah for Salaah when the train left the station. All of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind‘s and his companions luggages’ were left on the train. A few un-Islamic people who were there said “the Mias train had left him”. Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind was still in Salaah.

When they all had completed their Salaah, they noticed that the station platform was empty. They became a little worried since all their luggage had gone with the train, but still Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) looked undisturbed. His companions were busy talking about the luggage when they noticed the station guard, followed by a group of travellers, running towards them. The guard came up to  Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind and said, “Huzoor! The train is stuck!” Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) said, “The engine is damaged.” The train was brought back and  Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) and his companions sat in the train. After some repairs the train left with him and his companions seated in it!

LOVE FOR THE HOLY PROPHET (SALLAL LAAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM)

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) was drowned in the love for the Holy Prophet, Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Everything he did was for the pleasure of Almighty Allah and Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). All that he had gained was due to the intense love which he possessed for the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).

His extreme and intense love for the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) can be understood by the fact that during the latter stages of his life, even though he was very ill, he would sit for hours with great respect in the Naat Mehfils and would shed tears in his love for Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). He used to celebrate the Meelad-un-Nabi (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) each year with great splendour. The programme used to begin on the eve of the 12th of Rabi-ul-Awwal and used to continue till the next day just before lunch. The invitation was open to all  Muslims and they all used to be fed.

Even after examining the Naat Shareefs written by Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) one would see that every word written displayed his measureless love for the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).

LOVE FOR NAAT SHAREEF

In the world of poetry, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan was a Giant of his time. Most of his poems were in the form of Hamd (Praise of Allah), Naat Shareef, Qasidas and Manqabats compiled in the Arabic, Urdu, Persian and Hindi languages. All these poems were compiled into a book which is famously known as “Samaane Bakhshish” which is still available toady. Samaane Bakhshsish is a treasure chest which flows with pearls of love for Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). The compilation of Samaane Bakhshish is through the blessings of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).

When Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) returned from his journeys he would become engrossed in the writing of Fatawas, yet he found the time to prepare Samaane Bakhshsish and many other kitaabs. In the world of poetry, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) was known as “Noori”.

LOVE FOR SAYYIDUNA GHAUSUL AZAM (Alaihir Rahmah)

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) possessed profound love for Sayyiduna Ghausul Azam, Sheikh Abdul Qaadir Jilani (Alaihir Rahmah). He wrote many poems in which he praised Sheikh Abdul Qaadir Jilani (Alaihir Rahmah) with great respect. His love for Sheikh Abdul Qaadir Jilani (Alaihir Rahmah) can be understood from the following incident:

“Once a very young descendant of Sayyiduna Sheikh Abdul Qaadir Jilani (Alaihir Rahmah), Hazrat Peer Taahir Ala’uddeen (Alaihir Rahmah), visited Bareilly Shareef. The respect and honour that Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind showed towards him was out of this world. Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind used to walk bare feet behind him with great respect.”

The great Ulema of the time have stated that Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) was lost to such an extent in the love for Sayyiduna Ghausul Azam, Sheikh Abdul Qaadir Jilani that even physically he began to resemble Sheikh Abdul Qaadir Jilani (Alaihir Rahmah).

RESPECT FOR SAYEDS AND ULEMA

Ghausul Waqt, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) had great respect and love for the Ulema and for Sayeds (Descendants of Sayyiduna Rasulullah – sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). The respect which he showed towards them is beyond explanation.

One day, in 1979, a lady came with her little child to ask for Ta’weez. It was a very hot day and she was informed that Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) was resting. The lady, however, was in great need for the particular Ta’weez. She asked someone to see if Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind was awake but nobody had the nerve of going near him while he was resting as they considered this to be disrespectful. Taking her child she commented, “What did we know that the words of Sayeds will not be heard in this place”.

It is not known how Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) heard this, but he immediately summoned one of the Mureeds. He instructed him to call the lady and not give her grief. The woman then sent her child to Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah). He asked the child’s name and showed great love and respect towards this young child. With great affection, he placed his hand on the child’s head. He even asked someone to bring an apple for the child. From behind the curtain, he spoke to the lady concerning her problem and immediately wrote a Ta’weez for her.

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind then sent a message to his family requesting that the mother and child should only be allowed to leave after the heat became less intense; that they should be well entertained and that no shortage should be spared in entertaining these Sayeds.

When Allama Sadrush Shariah Mawlana Amjad Ali Qadri (Alaihir Rahmah), the author of the famous “Bahare Shariah,” used to come to Bareilly Shareef for the Urs Shareef of Sayyiduna A’la Hazrat (Alaihir Rahmah), Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind used to go to the railway station to welcome him and showed great respect towards this Scholar of Islam. He also showed great respect towards Hafiz-e-Millat and Hazrat Mawlana Hasmat Ali Khan Sahib (Alaihir Rahmah). He also showed respect towards his own Mureeds and Khalifas who were Aalims.

HIS BOLDNESS AND FEARLESSNESS

The sign of a true Mo’min is that he never submits himself before an enemy. In the worst of circumstances a Mo’min announces that which is the truth. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, “To speak the truth before a tyrant King is a great Jihad.” So imagine the excellence of a person who always spoke the truth at all times, a person who always raised the flag of truth and honesty, and a person who never left the path of truth in his entire life!

Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) was one such person. He is one of the greatest leaders of the Sunnis. His boldness and fearlessness is difficult to explain. His entire life was spent speaking against Deobandis, Wahabis and all the other misleading sects, whether is was against the West, Qadianism, or Najdism he always challenged them right till the very end. He always propagated the true Deen and the Path of the Ahle Sunnah Wa Jamaah. With his Fatawa, he helped protect the Imaan of not only the Muslims in India and Pakistan, but of Muslims throughout the world.

He attacked the enemies of Islam through his writings, rilah, actions, etc. He did everything in his capacity to challenge the enemies of Islam. No person in his presence could say or do anything against Shari’ah. No person could speak against that which was the truth.

It is stated by one of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind’s Khaadim’s, who accompanied him on a journey by train, that there were some people in the train who were consuming alcohol. When Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) saw them, he reprimanded them and told them to desist from such a Haraam act. They did not listen to his advise so he scolded the leader of the group who was a young and well-built person. He gave the young person a hard slap which caused the bottle of alcohol to fall far from his hand. The Khaadim expected the person to retaliate but, who had the nerve to retaliate against this Lion of Islam! They became afriad and sat down quietly. Later some of them came up to Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind and begged for forgiveness for their shameful behaviour.

HIS POSITION IN KNOWLEDGE OF FIQH

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), who after writing his first Fatawa while still a student at “Darul Uloom Manzare Islam”, was given the status of Mufti due to his immense knowledge. When the Muslim World began to see his knowledge and Fatawas brightenening the world, they began calling him “Mufti-e-Azam” or The Most Exalted Mufti of the Time. This title alone became the name he was recognised by. Whenever the name “Mufti Azam Hind” was mentioned, it referred to none other than his exalted personality.

Remember that he or she only is exalted who has been blessed with this excellence by Almighty Allah and His Beloved Rasool (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) was a personality free from pride, lavishness and self- fame. His status was bestowed upon him by Almighty Allah and His Beloved Rasool (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). That person to whom Almighty Allah and His Rasool (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) grants such excellence, then such excellence cannot be understood by ordinary mortals. This is one of the reasons why the entire world was brightened and received the benefits of his knowledge of Fiqh.

There came a stage when Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) was not only known as “Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind” but he was also known as “Mufti-e-Azam-e-Alam” or The Grand Mufti of the World.

It is recorded that on his trip to the Haramain Sharifain the Ulema of the Hejaz (Arabia), Syria, Egypt, Iraq, and from many other countries came to him to solve Fiqh Mas’alas. Many became his Mureeds. This is how his Faiz of Shariah and Tariqah spread its rays throughout the world. While in the Hejaz Shareef, he also had to deal with many Fatawas that poured in from various countries, such as, Africa, Mauritius, United Kingdom, America, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Malaysia, Bangladesh, and many other places. He answered every single one of them in a very dedicated and professional manner.

SCHOLARLY WORKS

Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan was a great Muhaqqiq (Philosopher) and Musannif (Author). His writings were filled with the rays of knowledge of his distinguished father, A’la Hazrat, Ash Shah Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al Qaderi (Alaihir Rahmah). All his works displayed great research. It seemed as if his works were overflowing with the “research of Imam Ghazzali, the rareness of Imam Raazi and the rays of knowledge of Imam Jalaluddeen Suyuti”. Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind wrote a number of books in his blessed lifetime. The names of a few of these books are being stated below:

Tanweerul Hujjat Bi Tawaaril Hajjah

Tardush Shaitaan

Hujatul Da’ira Bi Jawaabil Hujjatul Hazira

Alqaulul Ajeeb fi Ajoobatit Tasweeb

Masa’ile Sima

Adkhalul Insaan

Almautul Ahmar

Fatawa Mustafawiya Part 1 & 2

Noorul Irfaan

Saiful Jabbaar

Malfoozate A’la Hazrat

FATAWA ON SIGHTING OF THE MOON VIA AN AEROPLANE

During the reign of General Ayub Khan a “Rooyat Hilal Committee” was formed in Pakistan for the purpose of sighting the moon for every Islamic Month, and more importantly, for Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha. An aeroplane was flown up to a certain height and the moon would be sighted from there. This form of Shahaadah (Confirmation) of the sighting of the moon via an aeroplane was readily accepted by the Pakistani Government. In this manner, Eid was celebrated.

On a specific ocassion, on the 29th of Ramadaan, an aeroplane was flown from the East to the West of Pakistan and the moon was reported to be sighted. This sighting was announced by the Hilaal Committee, but the Sunni Ulema of Pakistan did not accept this confirmation. The Ulema of Pakistan sent questionnaires to the Ulema throughout the world for clarification and one such questionnaire was sent to Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah). Many Ulema replied that the confirmation had to be accepted and that it was permissible, but Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind clearly replied that this was not permissible. His Fatawa read as follows:

“The Command of Shariah is to sight the Moon and fast or celebrate Eid. Where the Moon is not sighted the Qazi should give an Islamic decision in connection with a confirmation. The moon must be sighted from the ground level or any place attached to the ground. With regards to the matter of using the plane – to sight the moon via a plane is wrong because the moon sets and does not perish. This is why it is sometimes sighted on the 29th and sometimes on the 30th. If to fly in a plane to sight the moon is a condition, then by increasing altitude the moon will be sighted even on the 27th and 28th. In this case, will the sighting be confirmed for the 27th or 28th? No person in his right sense will accept this. Thus under these circumstances, how would it be proper to sight the moon on the 29th?”

This Fatawa of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) appeared in every newspaper in Pakistan as “Headline News”.

The following month, on the 27th and the 28th, the Pakistan Government sent an aeroplane at a higher altitude and found that the moon was visible on these days. The Government of Pakistan then accepted the Fatawa of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind and the Hilaal Committee of Pakistan was disbanded.

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) wrote more or less 50 000 Fatawas in his lifetime. His word was accepted by great Ulema. Shamsul Ulema, Hazrat Mawlana Shamsud’deen Ja’fari (Alaihir Rahmah) stated: “In this era, there is no greater expert in Fiqha than Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind. Whenever I present myself in his high court I always sit with my head bowed and I listen to his words in silence. I do not have the audacity to talk in abundance to him.”

VASECTOMY IS HARAAM IN ISLAM The year 1976 was a very difficult period for the Muslims in India. Certain Ulema, bought of by the Saudi Riyals and American Dollars, passed the Fatawa making Vasectomy (male sterilisation to prevent birth of children) permissible. The Indian Government made Vasectomy necessary for every male in India at that time. Muslims of India were in search of a Saviour to prevent such a law from being passed as this would mean them not having any more children. They were looking for someone who would stand and fight for their religious rights. All the Muslims looked towards the city of Bareilly Shareef, the city of light and truth, for an answer to this controversy. All of a sudden that Mujahhid of Islam rose with the torch of knowledge and light against the winds of enmity and destruction -  Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah). He immediately issued the true Fatawa on vasectomy and said, “Vasectomy is Haraam, Haraam, Haraam.” This news spread throughout India. Through the Dua and firmness of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind on this issue, the Government that wished to pass this law had lost power, and a new government came into power. The law on Vasectomy was abolished!

MAS’ALA ON TASSAWWUF 

Once, Mawlana Abdul Hadi Al Qaderi and Soofi Iqbal Sahib asked Ghausul Waqt, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind the following question: “Huzoor! Can one remember his Sheikh in Namaaz?”  Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) answered by saying, “If you need to remember anyone in Namaaz then you should remember Taajedare Do Aalam, Habbibe Khuda (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Yes, just as people tend to gaze here and there in Namaaz – if, in this way, the thought of one’s Peer comes into the mind, then there is no hinderance”. Subhan-Allah! Such caution is in this answer! This answer has also contradicted the Deobandi belief. By looking at the life of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind and reading his Fatawas, one would see his status and excellence in the spiritual domain. His spiritual life was according to that of his renowned and distinguished father (Alaihir Rahmah).     PHILOSOPHICAL POINT  When the Americans were announcing there journey to the moon, a few Ulema were present with Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah). Amongst these Ulema were Shamsul Ulema Hazrat Mawlana Shamsud’deen and Allama Ghulam Jilani Mirati (Alaihir Rahmah). They were discussing the concepts concerning the sun and the moon. Mufti-e-Azam-e- Hind said that the sky and the earth are both stationary and that the moon and the sun are in motion. On hearing this Allama Ghulam Jilani Mirati (Alaihir Rahmah) said, “In the Holy Quran it is said, ’Wash Shamsu Tajri Li Mustaqaril’laha’. In other words, the sun is in motion in its fixed abode. From the word ‘Tajri’, it is obvious that the sun is in motion and from the word ‘Mustaqaril’laha‘ it is obvious that it is stationary in one place. How can both these concepts be right?” In answer to this, Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) immediately said, “It was commanded to Hazrat Adam (alaihis salaam) and Hazrat Hawa (radi Allahu anha) (as follows): ‘Walakum fil Ardi Mustaqar’. Does this mean that they were stationary in only one portion of the earth? Did they not walk around (on the earth)? To be Mustaqar means to be stationary in your surrounding, not to come out of your boundaries. To move but to move within your boundaries of movement.” On hearing this Allama Mirati Sahib (Alaihir Rahmah) became silent.

OPINION OF THE ULEMA

Hazrat Muhaddith-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) said: “IN THIS TIME, THAT PERSONALITY WHOSE TAQWA (PIETY) IS MORE THAN HIS FATAWA, IS NONE OTHER THAN THE SON OF SAYYIDI A’LA HAZRAT (Alaihir Rahmah) WHOSE BEAUTIFUL NAME IS MUSTAPHA RAZA AND THIS NAME COMES ON MY TONGUE WITHOUT PROBLEM AND IT ALLOWS ME TO GAIN GREAT BLESSINGS.” Once Hazrat Muhaddith-e-Azam (Alaihir Rahmah) wrote the following words on the Fatawa of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah): ”THIS IS THE SAYING OF SUCH AN AALIM WHOM TO FOLLOW IS COMPULSORY ” Huzoor Sayyidi Hafiz-e-Millat (Alaihir Rahmah) stated: “A PERSON DOES NOT GET PROPER RESPECT AND ACCEPTANCE IN HIS OWN TOWN, BUT THE ACCEPTANCE AND RESPECT THAT HUZOOR MUFTI AZAM HAS GAINED IN HIS TOWN CANNOT BE FOUND ANYWHERE ELSE. THIS IS OPEN PROOF OF HIS KARAMAAT AND WILAYAT”. He then said, “MUFTI AZAM IS A KING, HE IS A KING”. (Which means that he should be respected and treated as a King). Huzoor Mujjahid-e-Millat (Alaihir Rahmah) said: “IN THIS TIME, THE PERSONALITY OF HUZOOR MUFTI AZM HIND (Alaihir Rahmah) IS A UNIQUE ONE, ESPECIALLY IN THE FIELD OF IFTA, BUT ALSO IN HIS DAILY CONVERSATIONS – THE MANNER IN WHICH HE SPOKE AND EXPLAINED CAN BE UNDERSTOOD BY ONLY THE PEOPLE OF KNOWLEDGE.” The “Imam Ghazzali” of his time, Allama Saeed Ahmad Kazmi Shah Sahib (Alaihir Rahmah) says, “THE STATUS OF SAYYIDI MUFTI AZAM HIND (Alaihir Rahmah) CAN BE UNDERSTOOD FROM THIS THAT HE IS THE SON AND THE BELOVED OF MUJJADIDE DEEN-O-MILLAT, IMAM AHLE SUNNAT, ASH SHAH IMAM AHMAD RAZA KHAN (Alaihir Rahmah).” Hazrat Qari Maslihud’deen (Alaihir Rahmah) says, “AFTER THE WISAAL OF MY MURSHAD, THE CENTRAL POINT OF MY FOCUS WAS THE PERSONALITY OF HUZOOR MUFTI AZAM HIND (Alaihir Rahmah) AND NOT ONLY WAS HE THE POINT OF MY FOCUS, BUT ALSO THAT OF THE ENTIRE SUNNI POPULATION.”

KARAMAT 

One of the greatest Karamats of a Mo’min is for him to be always steadfast on Shariat-e-Mustapha and Sunnat-e-Mustapha (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). A Mo’min must be prepared to accept all the difficulties and calamities of life. When faced by any calamity he should always make Shukr to Allah Almighty. These outstanding qualities can be found in the life of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind. He was always steadfast and firm on Shariat-e-Mustapha (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). It is said that it is impossible to move a mountain from its place but it was not possible to move Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind from the Shariat-e-Mustapha (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Every second in the life of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind was a Karaamat. Volumes can be written about the Karaamats of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah). He himself is a living Karaamat! For the purpose of Fuyooz-o-Barkaat we will quote one such Karaamat. Once Hazrat went for the Urs of Hazrat Mehboob-e-Ilahi, Khwaja Nizaamud’deen Awliyah (Alaihir Rahmah) to Delhi. He stayed at a place called ‘Koocha Jilan’ with Ashfaaq Ahmad Sahib. At this place, a certain Wahabi Maulvi began arguing with Hazrat concerning the Ilme Ghaib (Knowledge of the Unseen) of Huzoor Anwar (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Ashfaaq Ahmad Sahib asked Hazrat not to argue with this person as it would not make any difference to him. Hazrat said, “Let him speak. I will listen to him and all those who are present should also listen attentively. The reason why nothing makes a difference to Maulvi Sahib is because nobody listens to him properly. So let him say that which he wishes.” Maulvi Saeedud’deen then spoke for approximately 15 minutes explaining how Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did not possess Ilme Ghaib. He spoke for some time and then became silent. Hazrat then said, “If you have forgotten anything concerning your argument then please try to remember.” The Maulvi Sahib spent another half an hour trying to prove that Huzoor (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did not possess Ilme Ghaib. After listening to his arguments Hazrat said, “You should immediately repent from your false belief. Allah has definitely blessed Huzoor (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) with Ilme Ghaib and you have tried to contradict it in every way you could. If you do not mind, then also listen to my argument”. Then very sarcastically Hazrat said, ”What is the responsibility of a son towards his widowed mother?” Maulvi Sahib in answer said, “I will not answer this as it is not relevant to the topic of discussion”. Hazrat then said, ”I did not mind when you questioned me, but in any case just listen to my questions. There is no need to answer them”. The second question Hazrat asked was, ”How is it to take a loan from someone and then hide from him? Can you become weary of your crippled son and leave him to beg? To make Hajj Badal from… “ This question was not yet completed when the Wahabi Maulvi fell at the feet of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind and said, “Hazrat! It is enough. The problem has been solved. Today I have realised that Huzoor (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has Ilme Ghaib. If not by now the Munaafiqeen would have destroyed the Islamic Missions. If Almighty Allah has shown you those things about me which nobody else here knows about, then I cannot imagine all that which He has informed Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) of.” The Wahabi Maulvi immediately repented and became Mureed of Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah).  Each year, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) used to go to Calcutta for missionary work. The Pope used to also visit Calcutta and although he received good coverage in the media, very few Christians turned up to meet the Pope. The Christians of Calcutta became very jealous whenever Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind visited that city as, without any news coverage, he attracted thousands of people who came to see him . The Christians decided to insult Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind and lower his personality in the eyes of the people. They trained three Christians to approach Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind with the pretence that they were going to become his Mureeds. This was their plan: Whenever Hazrat was going to make any person his Mureed, he would ask the person to say, “Say that you have given your hand into the hands of Ghaus-e-Azam (Alaihir Rahmah).” The Christians where then going to say that Hazrat is a liar (Allah forbid) since that was not the hand of Ghaus-e-Azam! The three Christians, now disguised as Muslims went to Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam (Alaihir Rahmah) with the pretence of becoming his Mureed. When two of the Christians saw Hazrat’s noorani face they became afriad of carrying out their plans, but the third Christian, who was very stubborn, decided to carry out the plan. He sat in front of Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) and Hazrat proceeded with making him a Mureed. When Hazrat said, ”Say that you have given your hand into the hands of Ghaus-e-Azam,” he said, “I am giving my hand in the hand of Mufti-e-Azam.” He was implying that Hazrat was asking him to lie when he was made to say a moment ago that he is not going to lie. Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) again commanded him to say, “Say that you have given your hand into the hands of Ghaus-e-Azam (Alaihir Rahmah).” He again said, ”I am giving my hand in the hand of Mufti-e-Azam.” Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind came into a Jalaal (Spiritual Anger) state and said, “Say that you are giving your hands into the hands of Ghaus-e-Azam.” To the surprise of many, the Christian began continously saying, ”I have given my hands into the hands of Ghaus-e-Azam, I have my given hands into the hands of Ghaus-e-Azam …” When asked about his behaviour, the Christian said that as Huzoor Mufti-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) commanded him for the final time to say that he has given his hands into the hands of Ghaus-e-Azam (Alaihir Rahmah), he actually saw two bright hands emerging from Hazrat’s hands and the Christian says that he is sure that these hands were none other the mubarak hands of Ghaus-e-Azam. That Christian then asked Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) for forgiveness and explained to him what his true intentions were. He immediately accepted Islam and became a Mureed. The news of this Karaamat spread far and wide and thousands of Christians accepted Islam at Hazrat’s hands. Subhan-Allah! This incident was narrated by Hazrat Mawlana Abdul Hamid Palmer Noori Razvi, a close Khalifa of Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah). 

MAZAAR SHAREEF

Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind‘s (Alaihir Rahmah) Mazaar Shareef is situated in Mohalla Saudagran, Bareilly Shareef. Every year thousands of Mureeds and lovers of Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind present themselves at Bareilly Shareef for his Urs Mubaarak. 

MUREEDEEN

Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind’s Mureedeen were not only ordinary people but his Mureeds also consisted of great Ulema, Muftis, Mufassirs, Poets, Philosophers, Professors, Doctors, etc. It is said that he has millions of Mureedeen. 

FAMOUS KHULAFA

The Khulafa of Taajedaare Ahle Sunnah, Taaje Wilayat Wa Karaamat, Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Mawlana Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) are said to be in the thousands. They are not only present in India, but are spread throughout the world. The names of some of the famous Khulafa are: In the Haramain Sharifain  – Hazrat Sayed Abbas Alawi; Hazrat Sayed Noor Muhammad; Hazrat Sayed Muhammad Ameen (Alaihimur Rahmah) In America  – Hazrat Ghufraan Siddiqi In South Africa - Hazrat Mawlana Abdul Hamid Razvi; Hazrat Mawlana Abdul Hadi Al Qaadri;  Hazrat Mawlana Ahmad Muqaddam Al Qaadri In Holland - Hazrat Mawlana Badrul Qaadri In Pakistan - Hazrat Qari Maslihud’deen (Alaihir Rahmah); Hazrat Mawlana Mufti Ghulam Sarwar Al Qaadri; Hazrat Mawlana Mufti Muhammad Afzal Husain; Hazrat Mawlana Sayed Shah Turabul Haq; Hazrat Mawlana Mufti Muhammad Husain In India - Mufas’sire Azam Hind Hazrat Ibrahim Raza (Alaihir Rahmah); Hazrat Mawlana Tahseen Raza Khan; Hazrat Mawlana Rehan Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah); Hazrat Allama Mufti Mohammed Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari; Muhadithe Kabeer Hazrat Mawlana Mufti Zia Ul Mustapha Sahib; Hazrat Mawlana Arshadul Qaadri Sahib. [AND MANY OTHERS NOT MENTIONED]

December 1, 2014 Comments are off

Aala Hazrat Introduction

* Mujaddid-e-Islam [Revivalist of Islam] * Senior Sufi Master * Arif Billah [Gnostic]

imagesSV3XF6WH* Qutub * Ashiq-e-Rasool Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam [Ardent Lover of the Beloved Rasool] * Senior Representative of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam * Murshid al-Kaamil [Perfect Spiritual Guide] * Imam-e-Ahle Sunnat [Leader of the Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat] * Sheikh-ul-Islam * Nai’b-e-Ghawth al-A’zam radi Allahu anhu * Aalim-e-I’lm-e-Ladunni * Scholar * Mufti * Hafiz * Teacher * Muhaddith * Faqih al-Islam [Jurist] * Orator * Author of more that 1000 books * Linguist * Commentator * Muhaqqiq [Researcher] * Mathematician * Astronomer * Philosopher * Scientist * Physicist * Economist * Poet

IMAM AHMED RAZA’S BIRTH AND NAMESmall-JRM-Gumbad-E-Aala-Hajrat-Single

HIS BIRTH

Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) was born on a Monday, the 10th of Shawaal 1272 A.H. [14th June 1856], at the time of Zohr Salaah in a place called Jasoli, which is in the city of Bareilly, India.

A few days before the birth of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), his father, Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), narrated a wonderful dream to his father, Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), who interpreted this dream by saying: “This is a sign that you are going to be the father of a child, a boy, who will grow up to be pious and knowledgable. His name will gain prominence from East to West.”

Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) was a master of Abjad and he deduced his year of birth from the verse of the Holy Qur’an: “These are they in whose hearts Allah has inscribed faith and helped them with a spirit from Himself.” (58:2)

HIS NAME

The name that was given to him at birth was “Mohammed.” The name corresponding to that year of his birth was “Al Mukhtaar.” His grandfather, Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), named him “Ahmed Raza.” It was by this name that he was famously known. Much later in his life, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) added the title “Abdul Mustafa” to his name signifying his great love and respect for the Messenger of Allah (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallam).

Much later, the Grand Mufti of Makkatul Mukarramah, Sheikh Hussain bin Saleh Makki (Alaihir Rahmah), gave him the title of “Zia’udeen Ahmed.”

The followers of the great Mujaddid Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) call him “A’la Hadrat”. “Hadrat” means “person” and “A’la Hadrat” means “great”, “A’la Hadrat” means “a great person”.


ANCESTRAL TREE OF IMAM AHMED RAZA KHAN BARELWI

The following ancestral tree of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) is carefully constructed from the authentic Books of Genealogy and meticulously scrutinized with references to other books in this field. The ancestors were compared with dates and periods found in books written by Historians who were masters in this field.

The Ancestral tree is as follows:

Mujaddid-e-A’zam A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan s/o Ra’isul-Atqiya Imam Muhammad Naqi Ali s/o ‘Arife-Billah Imam Rida Ali s/o Mawlana Hafiz Kazim ‘Ali s/o Mawlana Sha Muhammad A’zam Khan s/o Mawlana Muhammad Sa’adat Yaar Khan s/o Shuja’at Jung Muhammad Sa’idullah Khan Bhadur Qandhari s/o ‘Abdur-Rahman Khan s/o Yusuf Khan Qandhari s/o Dawlat Khan s/o Badal Khan s/o Da’d Khan s/o Bar’hech Khan s/o Sharfud-Deen ‘Urf Shar’haboon s/o Ibra’him ‘Urf Sard’bun s/o Sayyiduna Qais Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid Sahabi s/o ‘Ays s/o Salool s/o ‘Utba s/o Na’eem s/o Marra s/o Malik Jalandar s/o Malik Askandar s/o Zaman s/o ‘Unais s/o Bah’lool s/o Sa’lam s/o Salah s/o Qaroon s/o Nasr s/o Ashmu’ail s/o Na’eem s/o Akram s/o Ash’ath s/o Sharood s/o Makhal s/o Nusrat s/o Qalaj s/o Sher s/o ‘Atham s/o Faylool s/o Karam s/o ‘Amaal s/o Hudayfa s/o Mat’hal s/o Qabal s/o ‘Ilm or ‘Aleem s/o Ash’mool s/o Haroon s/o Qamar s/o Abi s/o Su’heb s/oalal s/o Lu’ee s/o ‘Ameel s/oaraj s/o Arzand s/o Mandool s/o Saleem or Sa’lam s/o Afghana s/o Sarad al-Muqallab bi Malikaloot s/o Qais s/o ‘Utbah s/o Alas s/ou’ail s/o Yahoodah s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Ya’qoob s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq s/o Khaleelullah Sayyiduna Nabi Ibra’him s/o Ta’rikh s/o Makhood or Nahoor s/o Shuroo’ or Ash’ragh s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Hood s/o Abir s/o Sha’lakh s/o Araf’khashad s/o Saam s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Nooh [age: 1400 years] s/o La’lak [age:780 years] s/o Malik Matla’shakh [age: 900 years] s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Idris s/o Bayarad s/o Mahla’heel s/o Qay’nan s/o Anoosh s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Sheeth [age: 912 years] s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Adam [age: 900 years]

Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) belongs to the Afghani Bar’hech tribe which was of royal descent. He was from a very respectable and noble tribe in Afghanistan. Great ‘Ulama and Mashaa’ikh hailed from his dignified tribe whose Mazaars (Tombs) are still a center of solace and spiritual enlightment for the people both in Afghanistan and Hindustan. A separate detailed book can be written about these great dignitaries. An important point to note is that in the ancestry of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), there are eight Prophets and one Sahabi.

The Prophets are:

1) Sayyiduna Nabi Ya’qoob (Alayhis Salaam)

2) Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq (Alayhis Salaam)

3) Sayyiduna Nabi ‘Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam)

4) Sayyiduna Nabi Hud (Alayhis Salaam)

5) Sayyiduna Nabi Nuh (Alayhis Salaam)

6) Sayyiduna Nabi Idris (Alayhis Salaam)

7) Sayyiduna Nabi Sheeth (Alayhis Salaam)

8) Sayyiduna Nabi Adam (Alayhis Salaam)

The one Sahabi is Sayyiduna Qais Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid Sahabi (Radi Allahu Anhu). He is the 43rd descendant of Afghana and 45th descendant of Hadrat Malik Taloot. Qais bin ‘Ays lived in the mountain of Ghour. In one of the expeditions of Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid (Radi Allahu Anhu), he became interested in Islam. So he took some of the leaders of Afghanistan and wen to Madina al-Munawwarah. They met the beloved Prophet of Allah (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) and immediately accepted Islam on his sacred hands. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) then said to him: “Qais is a Hebrew word and I am an Arab.” The Prophet of Allah (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) gave him the Islamic name “’Abdur-Rashid”. The beloved Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) further said: “You are the Awlad of Malik Taloot whom Allah blessed with the title of Malik (King). In the future you too will be remembered with the title of ‘Malik’.” This is how he got the title of “Malik” from the office of Prophethood.

It was in the Madinan period that the Beloved Nabi (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) was planning for the conquest of Makka and appointed Sayyiduna Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid (Radi Allahu Anhu) and the other Afghani Sahabi as the leaders of the secret service scouts of the army led by Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid (Radi Allahu Anhu). The Afghani Mujahids displayed their astonishing bravery in the battle of Makka. Sayyiduna Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid (Radi Allahu Anhu) himself killed 70 Kufaar in this battle. His role and bravery in this war brought great joy to the heart of the Beloved Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) who predicted that a great family will emerge from the off-springs of this Sahabi. They will be steadfast on religion and will strengthen the Deen of Islam like “Bataan” (conqueror with great bravery or Military Advisor). It was the effects of this Du’a of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) that great ‘Ulama and Mashaa’ikh were born in the lineage of Sayyiduna Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid (Radi Allahu Anhu).

Since the Beloved Nabi’s (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) Du’a for the Awlad of Sayyiduna Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid (Radi Allahu Anhu) was that they will strengthen the Deen and their strength will be like “Bataan”, from that day on he became famous by the title of “Bataan”. This word “Bataan” in later days changed to the present day name “Pathaan”. Eventually, the Awlad of Sayyiduna Malik ‘Abdur-Rashideen (Radi Allahu Anhu) became synonymous by the word “Pathaan”. This is how the word “Pathaan” can into existence. Sayyiduna Malik ‘Abdur-Rashid (Radi Allahu Anhu) married Mutahira, the daughter of Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid (Radi Allahu Anhu), and he passed away at the age of 87 years.

The services of the great Mujaddid Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) is known to the Muslim World and precisely the manifestations of the Du’as of the Beloved Prophet of Allah (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam).

FATHER & GRANDFATHER

Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah), was the son of Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan, who was the son of Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan, who was son of Allama Mawlana Mohammed Kaazim Ali Khan, who was the son of Allama Mawlana Shah Mohammed Azam Khan, who was the son of Allama Mawlana Sa’adat Yaar Khan, who was the son of Allama Mawlana Sa’eedullah Khan (Alaihimur Rahmah).

The great forefathers of Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) migrated from Qandhar (Kabul) during the Mogul rule and settled in Lahore. Allama Mawlana Sa’eedullah Khan, the first forefather of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi, held a high government post when he arrived in the Indo-Pak subcontinent. His son, Allama Mawlana Sa’adat Yaar Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), after gaining victory in the city of Ruhailah, was elected as the Governor of that city.

Allama Mawlana Hafiz Kaazim Ali Khan, the son of Mawlana Mohammed Azam Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), was a Tax-collector in the city of Badayoun. His son, Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), the illustrious grandfather of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), did not serve in the Government. It was from this generation that the heads of the family began to adopt Tassawuf as their way of life.

We have included a very brief history of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi’s (Alaihir Rahmah) father and grandfather.

HIS FATHER: Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi’s (Alaihir Rahmah) father, Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), received his education at the hands of his father, Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah). He wrote more than 50 books, among them, Suroorul Quloob fi Zikri Mouloodul Mahboob, which received a very high distinctive position amongst Islamic literature. The treatise is characteristic in its condemnation of the enemies of Islam, both internally and externally. Imam Ahmed Raza Khan’s father passed away in 1297 A.H. (1880) when Imam Ahmed Raza was 24 years old.

HIS GRANDFATHER: One of the greatest Sufis of his time, Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) was born in the year 1224 A.H. He was also a great warrior and fought with General Bakht Khan against English invaders in the year 1834. He received his early education at the hands of Molwi Khaleerur Rahman. At the age of 23, he had already completed his Islamic education, earning certificates of distinction in various fields of knowledge. He passed away in the month of Jamaadi-ul-Awwal in the year 1282 A.H. (1866). Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) was at this time only 10 years old.


CHILDHOOD YEARS

MEETING WITH A MAJZOOB

At the age of 3, Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) was once standing outside the Raza Musjid in Bareilly Shareef. An “unknown” person, attired in an Arab garb, approached him and spoke to him in the Arabic language. Those who witnessed this incident heard the young Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) converse with the person in pure Arabic. They were surprised. The person who spoke to the young Imam Ahmed Raza was never seen again in Bareilly Shareef!

A Majzoob (one drowned in his love for Allah Ta’ala) by the name of Hadrat Basheeruddeen Sahib (Alaihir Rahmah) used to live at the Akhoon Zada Musjid in Bareilly Shareef. He spoke harshly to anyone who visited him. Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) wished to meet this Majzoob. One night, at about 11 o’clock, he set off alone to meet him. He sat respectfully for about 15 minutes outside the Majzoob’s house. After some time, the Majzoob became aware of him and asked, “Who are you to Mawlana Raza Ali Khan.” Imam Ahmed Raza replied that he was the grandson of Hadrat Raza Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah). The Majzoob immediately embraced him and took him into his little room. He asked Imam Ahmed Raza Khan if he had come for any specific matter, but Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) said that he had come to ask him to make Du’a for him. On hearing this, the Majzoob, for approximately half an hour, made the following Du’a: “May Allah have mercy on you, May Allah bless you.”

PIETY AS A CHILD

Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) was 4 years old when this incident took place. On that particular day, he was dressed in a long Kurta. As he stepped out of his house, a few female prostitutes walked past him. In order to cover his eyes, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan quickly held the bottom of his Kurta with both his hands and lifted the Kurta over his face. When one of the prostitutes saw what he did, she said, “Well! Young man. You covered your eyes, but allowed your Satr to be shown.” With his face and eyes still covered, the young Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) replied, “When the eyes are tempted, then the heart becomes tempted. When the heart is tempted, then the concealed parts become tempted.”

Another incident which happened in the Month of Ramadaan also shows Imam Ahmed Raza’s (Alaihir Rahmah) piety and fear of Allah. Fasting was not Fardh (obligatory) upon him because he was still a child, but he still intended to keep fast. Now, for a little child to keep fast in India during the summer season was very difficult as temperatures sometimes soared to 50 degrees Celsius. On that day, the heat of the sun was intense. Allama Naqi Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) took the young Imam Ahmed Raza Khan into a room where sweets were kept. He closed the door and said, “There, eat the sweets.” Imam Ahmed Raza Khan replied that he was fasting. His father then said, “The fasting of children is always like this. The door is closed and no one is looking. Now you may eat.” On hearing this, the young Imam Ahmed Raza respectfully said, “Through Whose command I am fasting, He is Seeing me.” On hearing this answer from a little child, tears began to flow from the eyes of Allama Naqi Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah). They both then left the room.

HIS FIRST LECTURE ON THE MOULOOD

Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) delivered his first lecture at the age of 6 years. It was during the glorious month of Rabi-ul-Awwal. Imam Ahmed Raza Khan stood on the Mimbar (Pulpit) and delivered a 2 hours lecture before a very large gathering which also consisted of many ‘Ulema. He spoke on the Wilaadat (Birth) of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallam) which affected the hearts of the listeners. They were thoroughly impressed by the maturity and eloquence of this lecture.

HIS INTELLIGENCE AS A CHILD

Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) was so gifted and intelligent that there was no need for him to study beyond the fourth Kitaab of his course under the tutorship of any of his teachers. He studied the remaining Kitaabs by himself and used to later ask his teachers to test him.

Once, his teacher asked him, “Mia! Are you a Jinn or a human being? It takes me much time to teach a lesson, but it does not take you much time to learn the same lesson.” Imam Ahmed Raza Khan answered, “Praise be to Allah that I am a human.”

When he was 8 years old, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) wrote a Mas’ala concerning Fara’idh (Fards). When his father looked at the answer, he happily remarked, “If only some adult could answer in this manner.”

At the age of 10, when he was studying the Kitaab, ‘Ilm-us- Thuboot, under the guidance of his father, he noticed a few objections and answers of his father on the side of the page. Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) studied this book carefully and wrote such a well- explained footnote that even the need for an objection was ruled out. His father came across his research on that objection. He was so delighted that he stood up and held his son to his heart and said, “Ahmed Raza! You do not learn from me, but you teach me.”


COMMENCEMENT OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION

HE LESSON OF ‘LAAM’ AND ‘ALIF’

During Imam Ahmed Raza Khan’s “Bismillah Kwaani” or “Commencement of Islamic Education” a very strange incident occurred.

His Ustaadh asked him to read the Tasmiyah, and then told him to read “Alif, Baa, Taa, . . . .” Imam Ahmed Raza did so until he came to the word “Laam Alif” at which point he became silent. When his teacher asked him once more to read “Laam Alif”, he remained silent. The teacher instructed him, “Say, ‘Laam Alif’”. Imam Ahmed Raza then replied, “I have already read them earlier on. What need is there for me to repeat it?”

Allama Raza Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), who was witnessing this incident, said, “Son! Listen to what your Ustaadh is saying.” Upon further reflection, Allama Raza Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), realised the reason for the objection of the young Imam Ahmed Raza. It was because the teacher was teaching Imam Ahmed Raza the lesson on single alphabets. Imam Ahmed Raza Khan felt that how was it possible that a complete word like “Laam Alif” should be found in such a lesson that only dealt with single alphabets!

Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan knew that it was a very delicate matter that could not be understood by a child. Nevertheless, he explained, “Son! It is true that which you are thinking of. But the ‘Alif’ which you had earlier read, in reality, is ‘Hamza’ and this which you are reciting now is ‘Alif’. ‘Alif’ is always ‘Sakin’ and one cannot commence with an alphabet which is ‘Sakin’. Therefore, it is for this reason that the alphabet ‘Laam’ is brought before the ‘Alif’.”

When Imam Ahmed Raza Khan heard this answer, he replied, “If that be the case, then any other alphabet could be joined to the ‘Alif’. Why the ‘Laam’?” Mawlana Raza Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), out of sheer happiness and excitement, embraced Imam Ahmed Raza and made Du’a for him. He then explained the answer to Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) in the following brilliant manner: “In looking at them they both appear to be very much alike, since they are both empty. Even when writing them together they look very much alike. When it comes to their qualities then ‘Laam’ is the heart of ‘Alif’ and ‘Alif’ is the heart of ‘Laam’.”

Allama Mawlana Raza Ali Khan was in reality opening the doors and the treasures of knowledge and spiritual insight to Imam Ahmed Raza Khan.

Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) was only 4 years old when he completed the recitation of the Holy Qur’an.

COMPLETION OF STUDIES

Due to the extraordinary intelligence bestowed upon him by Almighty Allah, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan completed his Islamic education at the very young age of 13 years, 10 months and 5 days. Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) states that, “I completed my religious education during the middle of the month of Shabaan in the year 1286 A.H. I was 13 years, 10 months and 5 days old at that time. It was also at this time that Salaah became Fard upon me and I began to have great interest in the Laws of Shari’ah”. [Al ‘Ijaazatur Radawiyya]

His Divinely bestowed intelligence was such, that when Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) completed a quarter of any given book at the feet of a teacher, he used to study and memorize the remainder of the book by himself. It is recorded that he completed an Arabic commentary on the book, Hidaayatun Nahw, on Arabic Syntax, when he was only 8 years old!

HIS TEACHERS

His initial education was taught by:

1. Mirza Qadir Baig Barelwi (d.1297 AH) and

2. He completed his education with his father, Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan Barelwi.

He also took knowledge of Islam and ‘Ijazahs in Hadith from the following scholars:

1. Mawlana Abdul Ali Khan Rampuri (d.1303 AH) student of ‘Allama Fazle Haq Khairabadi

2. Shah Abul Husain Ahmad Noori Marahrawi (d.1324 AH) student of Mawlana Noor Ahmad Badayouni

3. Shah Aale Rasool Marahrawi (d.1297 AH) student of Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Dehlwi (d. 1239 AH)

4. Imam al-Shafi’iyah Shaykh Husain Salih (d.1302 AH)

5.Mufti Hanafiya Shaykh Abdur Rahman Siraj (d.1301 AH)

6. Mufti Shafi’iyah Shaykh Ahmad bin Zayn Dahlan (d.1299 AH) Qadi al-Quddat, Makka


ISSUING OF FATAWA AND HIS IN-DEPTH KNOWLEDGE

IMAM AHMED RAZA KHAN’S FIRST FATAWA ON FOSTERAGE

In a letter sent to his illustrious Khalifa, Malakul ‘Ulema, Hadrat Mawlana Zafaruddeen Bihaari, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) wrote: “With the Grace of Almighty Allah, this servant wrote his first Fatawah at the age of 13. It is also at this age that I completed my religious education and gained a certificate of proficiency in this field. On this day, a question was put forward to me as to whether milk, if reaching the belly of a child, would prove fosterage or not? I replied that even if milk reached the child’s belly, either through the nose or mouth, fosterage would be proven, therefore, making it Haraam upon the child to marry this women”. [Al Malfuz, Part I, pg. 12]

ASSIGNED TO ISSUE FATAWA

His father was so amazed and delighted by this in-depth reply that he assigned the young Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) the task of issuing Fatawa [Islamic Verdicts]. For many years, thereafter, Imam Ahmed Raza carried this very important duty with absolute dignity and responsibility. Imam Ahmed Raza began answering hundreds of Fatawa daily. He received them in all languages – Arabic, Urdu, Persian, English and many other languages.

A few days after the Nikah of Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah), a certain person came to Bareilly Shareef and presented a Fatwa of Mawlana Irshaad Hussain Mujaddidi to Hadrat Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan for an answer. The Fatwa bore the signatures of many ‘Ulema.

Hadrat Allama Naqi Ali Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), instructed the messenger with the following words: “Go into the room. Moulvi Sahib is there. He will answer your question.” The messenger entered the room and only saw Imam Ahmed Raza sitting there. He returned to Hadrat Allama Naqi Ali Khan and said, “There is no Moulvi Sahib there. All I see in the room is a young lad.” Hadrat Allama Naqi Ali Khan told the messenger: “Give the Mas’ala to him and he will answer it.” The messenger went to Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) and handed him the Fatwa. He studied it and realised that the answer on the Fatwa of Mawlana Irshaad Hussain was incorrect. Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) wrote the correct answer to the Fatwa and respectfully presented it to his father who verified it as being correct.

The Fatwa was then taken to the Governor of Rampur. After studying the Fatwa of Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah), the Governor requested the presence of Mawlana Irshaad Hussain Sahib. When the said Mawlana appeared before the Governor, the Fatwa was shown to him. Mufti Irshaad Hussain Sahib humbly acknowledged that his Fatwa was incorrect and that the Fatwa from Bareilly was correct. The Governor of Rampur then said, “If the Fatwa of Bareilly is correct, then how is it that all the other ‘Ulema verified and endorsed your Fatwa?” Mawlana Irshaad Hussain replied, “They endorsed my Fatwa because I am prominent, but the true Fatwa is the one written by the Mufti of Bareilly.”

Regarding Imam Ahmed Raza’s knowledge of sheep in reply to a Fatwa, Mawlana Mufti Mazharullah said: “Once, I enquired from Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi about the holy sacrifice offered by Muslims. He, in his reply, described innumerable kinds of sheep which was a matter of surprise for me. I kept his letter with me. It so happened that Mawlana Kifaayatullah came to see me and by chance he saw the letter. He was astounded and said, ‘No doubt his learning and knowledge knows no boundaries’.”

Once Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) went to Pillibit Shareef. He stayed with Muhaddith-e-Surat, Hadrat Mawlana Wasi Ahmad Sahib (Alaihir Rahmah). Before leaving for Bareilly Shareef, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi requested to borrow a Kitaab called Uqoodul Arya from him. As there was only one copy of the book he gave it to Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi and said, “After studying the book, please return it as these are the only few kitaabs that I have for Fatawa writing.”

Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) was supposed to depart from Pillibit Shareef that night, but since he had been invited at another person’s home, he stayed one more night in Pillibit Shareef. Imam Ahmed Raza spent the entire night studying the Kitaab, which consisted of numerous volumes.

The following morning, before leaving for the railway station to meet Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah), Hadrat Muhaddith-e- Surat found that the Kitaab that he had lent Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi had been returned. He thought that Imam Ahmed Raza was angry and displeased with him for asking him to return the Kitaab quickly. He immediately went to Imam Ahmed Raza and asked for pardon. Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) smiled and then said, “That is not the reason for returning the Kitaab. I stayed one more night, so I studied the book and, therefore, did not find the need to take it with me.”

When Hadrat Muhaddith-e-Surat (Alaihir Rahmah) heard this he was surprised and exclaimed, “You have studied this book in one night!” Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) replied, “Insha-Allah, for the next 3 months I will not need to look at the book to find any statements, and as for the essence of the book, Insha-Allah, I will not forget it in my lifetime.” He then said, “The book did not have a table of contents. I have drawn up one for you.”


MARRIAGE AND CHILDREN

Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) was fair-complexioned, bright-looking, medium-structured, smart, simple, soft-spoken, sweet-voiced and taciturn.

In the year 1291 A.H. (1874), Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) married Sayyidah Irshaad Begum who was the beloved daughter of Sheikh Fadhl Hussain Sahib. He was 18 years old at the time of his Nikah.

Allah Ta’ala blessed Imam Ahmed Raza with 7 beautiful children – 2 sons and 5 daughters.

His sons Mawlana Hamid Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) [d.1362/1934] and Mawlana Mustafa Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah) [d. 1402/1981] are celebrated savants of Islam. They rendered great services to Islam and the Muslim Nation in India.

A’la Hadrat’s eldest son, Hujjatul Islam, Hadrat Allama Mawlana Muhammad Haamid Raza Khan was very much efficient in Arabic and various other religious sciences. He was a great savant, orator, author and poet. He was such a master of argumentation that he was called “Hujjat al-Islam” [Argument of Islam]. His features resembled his illustrious father. Hujjatul Islam (Alaihir Rahmah) ?left this mundane world on the 17th of Jamadi-ul-Awwal 1362 A.H., while in the state of Salaah.

Ghausul Waqt, Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Ash Shah Imam Mustapha Raza Khan (Alaihir Rahmah), the younger son of Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah), studied primarily under the guidance of his elder brother. He also received education at the blessed feet of his father and earned himself a certificate of proficiency in religious sciences. Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind (Alaihir Rahmah) has approximately ten millions Mureeds (disciples) around the world. He was such a great Mufti that he was called “Mufti-i-’Azam” [The Great Mufti] of India. He left this mundane world on the eve of the 14th of Muharram 1402 A.H. (1981).

The grandson of Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah), Hadrat Ibrahim Raza Khan Jilani (Alaihir Rahmah) was such a great Mufassir that he was called “Mufassir-i-’Azam” [The Great Commentator] of India.


PROFICIENCY IN OVER 60 BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE

THE BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE ATTAINED

If we study the life of Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza(Alaihir Rahmah), we will discover that his proficiency in various subjects total over sixty branches of knowledge. The branches of knowledge of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) are here arranged according to the syllabus of Jamias & Universities written as under :-

1. I’lm of the Qur’an & Art of its Translation

2. Qur’anic Tafseer

3. Principles of Tafseer

4. Master of Recitation of the Qur’an with Tajweed

5. Hadith

6. Principles of Hadith

7. Encyclopaedia of Hadith

8. Critical Examination of Hadith

9. Jurisprudence

10. Principle of Jurisprudence

11. Lexicon of Jurisprudence

12. Scholastic Theology

13. Islameology

14. Dialectic

15. Syntax & Etymology

16. Rhetoric and style & Elocution

17. Linguistic & Lexicon

18. Phonetic

19. Urdu Prose

20. Arabic Prose

21. Persian Prose

22. Arabic Poetry

23. Persian Poetry

24. Urdu Poetry

25. Hindi poetry

26. Explanation, Criticism & Appreciation

27. Prosody

28. Mysticism

29. Metaphysics

30. Incantation & Invocation

31. Jafr (Literology & Numerology)

32. Carrying the Figures (Takseer)

33. Ethics

34. Logic

35. Philosophy

36. Psychology

37. Chronology & Biography

38. Sociology

39. Economics

40. Education

41. Political Science

42. Commerce

43. Banking

44. Arithmetic & Computation

45. Algebra (Factorization, Equation of any degree, Exponential series, Binomial theorem, Set theory, Topology, Tensorial algebra)

46. Plane Trigonometry Euclidean logarithms

47. Spherical Trigonometry

48. Euclidean Geometry

49. Coordinate Geometry

50. Timings

51. Horoscopes

52. Astronomy & Astronomical Tables

53. Hisab-e-Satini

54. Statistics

55. Dynamics

56. Statics

57. Hydro Dynamics

58. Hydrostatics

59. Zoology

60. Botany

61. Geology

62. Geography

63. Horticultise

64. Unani Medicine

65. Physiology

66. Inorganic Chemistry

Is it possible today, to find an Islamic scholar or even a non-Muslim professor, scientist, educationist or a Nobel Prize owner who possesses such qualifications? Arab Scholars like Shaykh Ismail bin Khalil and Shaykh Musa Ali Shami commended Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) as the Revivalist of the 14th Century A.H.: “If he is called the revivalist of this century, it will be right and true.”

BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE STUDIED AT HIS FATHER’S FEET

Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) became proficient in the following branches of knowledge at the feet of his father:

1. I’lm-al-Qur’an (Knowledge of the Qur’an)

2. I’lm-al-Hadith (Knowledge of Traditions)

3. Usul-e-Hadith (Principle of Traditions)

4. Fiqh-e-Hanafi (Hanafi Jurisprudence)

5. Kutub-e-Fiqh Jumla (All Books of Jurisprudence)

6. Usul-e-Fiqh (Principle of Jurisprudence)

7. Jadl-e-Muhazab

8. I’lm-e-Tafseer (Knowledge of Exegesis of the Holy Quran)

9. I’lm-al Kalam (Scholastic theology)

10. I’lm-e-Nahav (Syntax)

11. I’lm-e-Sarf (Grammar, Accidence and Etymology)

12. I’lm-e-Maani (Elocution)

13. I’lm-e-Badi (Style)

14. I’lm-e-Bayan (Rhetoric)

15. I’lm-e-Mantique (Logic)

16. I’lm-e-Munazara (Dialectic)

17. I’lm-e-Takseer (Carrying figures)

18. I’lm-e-Falsafa (Philosophy)

19. I’lm-e-Hay’at (Astronomy)

20. I’lm-e-Hisab (Arithmetic)

21. ‘Ilm-e-Hindasa (Geometry)

In the book, Al Ijaazatul Mateena, on page 22, Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) has said the following in connection with the above mentioned 20 branches of knowledge. He says, “I learnt these twenty branches of knowledge, personally at the feet of my father”.

BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE ATTAINED FROM VARIOUS ULEMA

The following are the 10 disciplines of knowledge which Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) haven’t studied under any teacher but he had the ‘Ijazat (permission) in these from discerning ‘Ulama and he used to give ‘Ijaza in these disciplines too.

22. Qir’at (Recitation of the Qur’an)

23. Tajweed (Knowledge of Right pronunciation of the Qur’an)

24. Tasawwuf (Mysticism)

25. Suluk (Knowledge of manner in Mystic)

26. Akhlaaq (Ethics)

27. Asma-ul-Rajaal (Encyclopaedia of Narrators of Traditions)

28. Siyar (Biography)

29. Tawarikh (Chronology)

30. Loghat (Lexicon)

31. Adab-Ma-Jumla Funoon (Literature with all Arts)

Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza(Alaihir Rahmah) states: “These ten branches of knowledge, I achieved at the feet of the following teachers: Shah Ale Rasool Marahrewi, Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan, Shaykh Ahmed Bin Zain Dahlaan Makki, Shaykh Abdur Rahman Makki, Shaykh Hussain Bin Saleh Makki, Shah Abul Hassan Ahmed Noori.”

BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE ATTAINED WITHOUT THE ASSISTANCE OF ANY TEACHER

The following are the 14 disciplines of knowledge that Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) did learnt by any teachers:-

32. Arsamatiqi (Arithmetic)

33. Jabr-o-Muqabilah (Algebra)

34. Ilm-e-Tauqeet (Timings)

35. Logharsimat (Logarithms)

36. Hisab-e-Satini

37. Manazir-o-Maraya (Sense & Sight)

38. I’lm-ul-Ukur (Spheres)

39. Zijaat (Astronomical Tables)

40. Muthallath Kurvi (Spherical Trigonometry)

41. Muthallath Musattah (Plane Trigonometry)

42. Haiyate Jadeedah (Modern Astronomy)

43. Jafr (Numerology & literology)

44. Murabba’at (Quadrangular)

45. Za’icha (Horoscopes)

The following are the 10 branches of learning that he has received by the Heavenly Blessing inspired directly into his heart:

46. Nazm-e-Arabi (Arabic Poetry)

47. Nazm-e-Farsi (Persian Poetry)

48. Nazm-e-Hindi (Hindi Poetry)

49. Nathr-e-Urdu (Urdu Prose)

50. Nathre-Farsi (Persian Prose)

51. Nathre Arabi (Arabic Prose)

52. Khat-e-Naskh (Arabic Calligraphy)

53. Khat-e-Nastalique (Persian Calligraphy)

54. Tilawat ma’a Tajwid (Recitation of the Holy Qur’an with right pronunciation)

55. I’lm-e-Meerath (Knowledge of Inheritance)

When Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) was questioned about his amazing capabilities in solving intricate and confusing Mathematical theories, and as to whom his mentor was, he replied, “I did not have a teacher in this field. Whatever you see, I achieved within the four walls of my room. This is indeed through the grace of Sayyiduna Rasoolulah (Salal Laahu Alaihi Wa Sallam).” [Al Mizaan, pg. 342]

The above are merely a few branches of knowledge in which Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) reached such great heights of proficiency that he was considered to be the inventor of that branch of knowledge! An example of this is to found in his book, Ar Raudal Baheej fi Adaabut Takhreej, dealing with the Principles of Chronomatic Recording of Ahadith.

Commenting on this, the famous Historian, Mawlana Rahmaan Ali, (M.P. Madya Pradesh) states, “If there are no books to be found on the subject of Chronomatic Recording of Ahadith, then Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) can be considered to be the very inventor of this branch of knowledge”. [Tazkerah Ulema-e-Hind, pg. 17]


HIS MASTERY IN THE TRANSLATION OF THE QUR’AN

One of Imam Ahmed Raza’s (Alaihir Rahmah) most outstanding works is his translation of the Holy Qur’an into Urdu which he named Kanzu’l Iman fi Tarjamatu’l Qur’an which is unique and unparalleled in every sense. It is said that this translation is not merely a literal translation, but is also the commentary of the Holy Qur’an. Each and every line of this translation gives glimpses of the beauty of the Holy Qur’an and shows his mastery of the sciences of Tafseer. The translation takes into account the Glory of Allah Ta’ala and the perfection of His Messenger (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallam); hence, it is free from the faults that are found in other translations. In his translation Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza only used those words in his translation that are worthy for the Attributes and Qualities of Allah Ta’ala and of His beloved Rasool (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallam).

We have taken just one example of a Verse from the Holy Qur’an that has been translated by various persons and compared it with the translation of Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah).

(1) “And he found you lost on the way and he guided thee.” [Sura 93, Verse 7]

Translation by Mohammad Asad

(2) “And found thee groping so he showed the way.” [Sura 93, Verse 7]

Translation by Muhammad Ali Lahori Qadiani

(3) “And He found you uninformed of Islamic laws so he told you the way of Islamic laws.” [Sura 93, Verse 7]

Translation by Ashraf Ali Thanwi

(4) “Did he not find thee erring and guide thee.” [Sura 93, Verse 7]

Translation by Arberry

(5) “And saw you unaware of the way so showed you the straight way.”

[Sura 93, Verse 7]

Translation by Fatheh Muhammad Jalledhri

(6) “And he found thee wandering and He gave thee guidance.” [Sura 93, Verse 7]

Translation by Yusuf Ali

Now that we have examined six different translations of Sura 93, Verse 7, let us examine the difference and the uniqueness of the translation of Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah). He writes: “And he found you drowned in his love therefore gave way unto him.”

In Arabic, the word “dal” has got four different meanings, viz, “unaware”, “mixed”, “lost in love” and “lofty-tree”. Whichever of these is appropriate on the occasion, should only be used. Nothing should be fitted hurriedly which is out of sense or which kills the sense. Keeping to the dignity of the Revealer and the Revealed of Holy Qur’an, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) has translated the “Dal” into “lost in his love”. A man of love talks of love. One who loved the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) picked up the word of love out of different words. After all, choice differs from man to man. Moreover, the name of Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) is “Muhammad” as well as “Ahmad”. “Muhammad” means “one whom Allah Ta’ala praised most” and “Ahmad” means “one who praised Allah Ta’ala most”. All this bears testimony to his being lost in love with Allah Ta’ala.

Look at the uniqueness and the cautiousness that is present in this translation. Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) abstained from using those words that may cause any disrespect to the dignity and personality of the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallam)!

Due to the vast amount of time Imam Ahmed Raza spent in compiling books on Fiqh and various other topics, it was not possible for him to compile a complete commentary of the Holy Qur’an. However, a few learned scholars have stated that if all the books of Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) have to be brought together then there is a great possibility that a complete commentary of the Holy Qur’an may be compiled. Like his translation of the Holy Qur’an, they have said that his Tafseer will also be exceptional.

Commenting only on the “Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim”, Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) presented such a lengthy lecture on this simple phrase that it was compiled into a complete book and published under the title, Al Meeladun Nabwiya.

Once, during the ‘Urs Shareef of Hadrat Mawlana Shah Abdul Qaadir Sahib (Alaihir Rahmah), Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) delivered a 6 hour lecture on Sura Wad-Duha from 9 a.m. in the morning right till 3 p.m. in the afternoon! After completing his lecture Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) said, “I only wrote 80 percent of the commentary on this Sura and had to leave it aside. Where is there time enough to write the Tafseer of the entire Qur’an-e-Azeem?!”

Allama Ata Muhammad Bindayalwi (Alaihir Rahmah), Sarghoda (Pakistan) said: “Hadrat Bareilvi (Alaihir Rahmah) has written about a thousand treatises. He exhaustively dealt with every topic he touched, but his most glorious work is his Urdu translation and explanation of the Holy Qur’an entitled, ‘Kanzul Imaan’. Indeed, there is no parallel. Real worth of this monumental work can be evaluated by only those scholars who possess vast and deep knowledge of various other translations and explanations of high standard in Urdu. Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi kept the same pattern as adopted by the renown writers, but he excelled in the explanation and expansion of the most difficult and complicated subject matter in relatively few simple words.”


HIS MASTERY IN HADITH

For one to be a Muhaddith, it is not necessary to be a Faqih but to be a Faqih, one must be a Muhaddith and Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) was an undisputed Imam of Fiqh. He had a vast knowledge of Hadith and its related sciences including Turuq, Nasikh and Mansukh, Rajih and Marjuh, Tatbiq and Rijal.

Sayyidi A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza (Alaihir Rahmah) was once questioned about how many books of Hadith he had studied. He replied with the names of 29 books and said that he had studied over 50 books of Hadith. Moreover, when one researcher studied 356 books of Imam Ahmed Raza, he found citations therein from not just 50 books but 240 books of Hadith. As mentioned, these 240 books are mentioned in just 356 of his books whereas he has authored approximately 1000 books; hence, this number is likely to be much greater.

Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi (Alaihir Rahmah) knew the names of almost every Hadith narrator. When he was questioned concerning details of a certain narrator, he was able to give a complete biography of the narrator. When he studied any Hadith he was able to explain the type of Hadith, its benefits and the reasons behind that Hadith. He wrote many booklets on the topic of Ahadith.

Sayyid Muhammad Muhaddith Kachochawi (Alaihir Rahmah) writes: ““His knowledge of Hadith can be seen by the fact that all the Ahadith that are the foundation of the Hanafi school were in his memory and those Ahadith by which the Hanafi school is [apparently] challenged; Imam Ahmed Raza knew the weaknesses of their Sanad and the meanings of all of them. The knowledge of Asma’ al-Rijal is the most difficult science of Hadit.